The Evidence #7
In the Bible, King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon is a prominent figure who is famous for the destruction of Jerusalem and the First Temple in 586 BC, as well as the building of Babylon . (2 Kings 25)
The king spake, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty? Daniel 4:30
Above is a photo of the Nebo-sarsekim Tablet housed in the British Museum and deciphered by Austrian Assyriologist Michael Jursa among 100,000 cuneiform tablets. The tablet is dated 595 B.C., from the tenth year of Nebuchadnezzar II’s reign. The tablet documents the donation of gold to the temple by an official named Nebo-sarsekim. This same official is mentioned in the Bible in the book of Jeremiah:
Then all the princes of the king of Babylon came in and sat in the Middle Gate: Nergal-Sharezer, Samgar-Nebo, Sarsechim, Rabsaris, Nergal-Sarezer, Rabmag, with the rest of the princes of the king of Babylon. Jeremiah 39:3
From 1899- 1915, a German expedition discovered thousand of mud bricks with had been inscribed with the name of Nebuchadnezzar II! The inscription, which was in cuneiform, translated says:
Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, who provides for Esagila and Ezida, the eldest son of Nabopolassar, king of Babylon, am I.
Furthermore, the Ishtar Gates of Babylon are currently kept in Berlin’s Pergamom Museum also has a inscription on it bearing Nebuchadnezzar II’s name!
The prophet Daniel documented in his book, the details of the military campaigns of Nebuchadnezzar II against Israel: first in 605 BC. with the capture of Daniel and many other princes, men, women and children. Later in 597 BC, the king of Babyon took the prophet Ezekiel along with 10,000 more prisoners! (2 Kings 24:14). The prophet Jeremiah was left in Jerusalem after the sieges of Nebuchadnezzar II with the remnants who tended the fields and crops for the king.
As if this wasn’t enough evidence the vindicate the Bible, there have been found official documents in the form of cuneiform tablets called The Babylonian Chronicles! The Babylonian Chronicles is a series of tablets found in 1956 which is also kept at the British Museum that records the campaigns of Nebuchadnezzar II against the Egyptian Pharaoh Necho in 605 BC, the destruction of Jerusalem, and the history of Babylon.
In Jeremiah 34:7, it is made clear that only two cities where left in tact after the destruction of Jerusalem and Israel, in the land of Judah: Lachish and Azekah. When the king of Babylon’s army fought against Jerusalem, and against all the cities of Judah that were left, against Lachish, and against Azekah: for these defenced cities remained of the cities of Judah. In 1930, The Lachish Letters were discovered by James Leslie Starkey, on pieces of ostraca or broken pottery with writing on it, in this case Hebrew. Letter IV details the how the two cities are intact just as Jeremiah states!
Lastly there is a cuneiform cylinder currently held in the MET Museum which also bears the king of Babylon’s famous name! As well as another cylinder that describes the rebuilding of the Temple Ebabbar, the temple of the sun-god Shamash at Sipper!
It is astonishing the amount of evidence that archeology has uncovered that sets the Bible apart from legend! Keep reading the Bible!